We all know India to be a country filled with arts, crafts, and colour and diamonds. And rightly so, it is a country that celebrates everything. With festivals to mark the change in weather, pompous celebrations to mark the the birth of a child or the opulent wedding ceremonies keep families on the constant search for new outfits and jewellery.
An important fact you probably do not know is that India is home to a number of magnificent Diamonds that were all taken away for different of reasons years ago. Leaving behind only but vibrant and fond memories of these glorious gems.
|The Koh-i-Noor on the British Crown Jewels|
Everyone has heard of the Indian Koh-i-Noor Diamond that is now part of the English crown jewels. This magnificent gem started its journey in India before it traveled across the world. Once part of the Kakatiya dynasty that rests today in Warangal, a city in the state of Tehlengna, South India, the gem was then stolen by the Mughals and passed on until Shah Jahan commissioned the Peacock Throne featuring the Koh-i-Noor to be an eye of the peacock.
Nadir Shah, a Persian invader who could not resist the light and luster of the diamond, took the immaculate gem with him, looting every piece. The gem was then given to Ahmad Shah Durrani in 1747 after which, it reached the hands of Ranjit Singh a Sikh emperor to aid in military support. Finally, in the 1850’s, the Koh-i-Noor was taken away by the East India company and given to Britain and presented to Queen Victoria and never returned since.
India was not only home to the magnificent Koh-i-Noor but also the Regent Diamond which now rests at the Louvre in Paris. This gem mined in the famous Golconda mines, in the year 1698 weighed an astounding 426 carats. Cut in London, the Regent diamond is considered to be the “colour of first water” and cut in the newly discovered brilliant cut bringing out the best in the diamond. The gem was worn by King Louis the fifteenth and sixteenth after which Napoleon Bonaparte embellished his sword with the Regent diamond.
|The ever famous Regent Diamond that finds its genesis in India|
The Darya-i-Noor is another diamond that has its roots set in India from the Kollur mine in Andhra Pradesh. This gem that translates to “Sea of Light”, weighs between 175 to 195 carats and is now on display at the Tehran central bank of Iran. Flawless with a hint of pink, the Darya-i-Noor was also set as an eye on the peacock throne by Shah Jahan next to the Koh-i-Noor.
|The Pinkish Darya-i-Noor Diamond|
This spectacular gem is part of a 400 carat rough which was cut to give rise to two gems the Darya-i-Noor and the Nur-ul-Ain at 60 carats, two of the largest pink diamonds excavated in history.
Another sensational diamond is the Dresden Diamond. One of a kind with its green colour the diamond was also mined in the Kollur mines near Golconda city, in South India. Weighing 40.70 carats, this pear shaped natural green, VS1 gemstone is said to have been smuggled out of India and found a new home in Poland with King Frederich Augustus.
|The Dresden Diamond|
The stone now rests in the Albertinium Museum in Dresden.
These are just some of the unforgettable Diamonds that originated in India and have made headlines world over. So the next time you visit India let our rich heritage of Jewels, Diamonds, and History be synonymous with our mighty country.